SIS epidemics on a two-layer temporal network

Abstract: To improve the accuracy of network-based SIS models we introduce and study a multilayer representation of a time-dependent network. In particular, we assume that individuals have their long-term (permanent) contacts that are always present, identifying in this way the first network layer. A second network layer also exists, where the same set of nodes can be connected by occasional links, created with a given probability. While links of the first layer are permanent, a link of the second layer is only activated with some probability and under the condition that the two nodes, connected by this link, are simultaneously participating to the temporary link. We develop a model for the SIS epidemic on this time-dependent network, analyze equilibrium and stability of the corresponding mean-field equations, and shed some light on the role of the temporal layer on the spreading process.